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Problems lighting the fire occur in every fourth home with either a wood-burning stove or a fireplace. Some of the most common problems are:
Problems lighting the fire
Chimney draught is created by the difference between the high chimney temperature and the low outside temperature. It can be difficult to light the fire, because the chimney is still cold during this process. The draught is therefore limited.
The firewood for lighting the fire has to be dry, and you have to start with small wood pieces when lighting the fire. By doing so, the fire will quickly grow, and create the heat necessary for a great chimney draught.
Smoke in the living room
The chimney draught is likely insufficient if smoke emerges from the stove/fireplace. If you own a well isolated house, especially with a cooker hood or ventilation system, the chimney draught can become too weak.
Another reason for smoke escaping the stove/fireplace is disproportion between the size of the stove/fireplace and the size of the chimney. It is important to know that natural draught can vary in accordance with the yearly outside temperature, and that it is influenced by the weather.
Factors such as the chimney height in relation to large buildings or similar structures in the vicinity can also influence the natural draught in a negative way. In some cases, it can create downdraught that may result in smoke spilling into the room.
The flames are dying
Good combustion needs a steady supply of air. It is the chimney’s job to remove smoke, and the chimney draught has to ensure fresh air in accordance with the amount of smoke the stove/fireplace generates.